Egyptians built as the tomb of fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Still standing
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Babylonians Diodorus Siculus described multi-levelled gardens reaching 22 metres (75 feet) high, complete with machinery for circulating water. Large trees grew on the roof. Built by Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife Amytis of Media.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Greeks Occupied the whole width of the aisle of the temple that was built to house it, and was 12 metres (40 feet) tall.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis, it took 120 years to build. Herostratus burned it down to achieve lasting fame. Rebuilt by Alexander the Great only to be destroyed again by the Goths. It was rebuilt once again after, only to be closed in 391 and destroyed by a mob led by St John Chrysostom in 401.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Carians, Persians, Greeks Stood approximately 45 metres (135 feet) tall with each of the four sides adorned with sculptural reliefs. Origin of the word mausoleum, a tomb built for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire
Colossus of Rhodes
|Greeks||A giant statue of the Greek god Helios, c. 35m (110 ft) tall.|
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Hellenistic Egypt Between 115 and 135 metres (383 - 440 ft) it was among the tallest structures on Earth for many centuries. The island that it was built on, Pharaohs, eventually spawned the Latin word for lighthouse, again Pharaohs.